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29.11.2018 | Original Article

Did Malnutrition Affect Post-Operative Somatic Growth in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Surgical Procedures for Congenital Heart Disease?

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Cardiology
Autoren:
Liza Fitria, Putri Caesa, Juweni Joe, Eva M. Marwali

Abstract

Objectives

This study aims to investigate the impact of pre-operative malnutrition on nutritional outcome following congenital heart defects surgery.

Design

This is a prospective cohort study.

Setting

Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care, Harapan Kita National Cardiovascular Center, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Patient

Pediatric patients, aged younger than 36 months old with Aristotle score of 6–10, undergoing congenital heart defects surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were included in this study.

Measurement

The measured outcome was nutritional outcome based on body weight changes before and after corrective surgery. The measured variables were age, gender, Aristotle score, caloric intake (in pediatric cardiac intensive care unit and pediatric ward), length of stay, albumin level, and prealbumin level.

Results

Among 185 patients, 6% increase of body weight was observed within 12 days of observation (p = 0.007). From bivariate analysis, post-operative nutritional status improvement was significantly associated with pre-operative Z-score for weight-for-age (p = 0.011), caloric intake in pediatric ward (p < 0.0001), and prealbumin level (p = 0.038). From multivariate analysis, caloric intake in pediatric ward remained as a factor which significantly determined post-operative nutritional status (p = 0.001, OR = 1.33, 95% CI 1.014–1.053).

Conclusion

Malnourished patients may have significant improvement in somatic growth following corrective surgery but no effect was observed on the post-operative body weight gain. Adequate nutritional support is important to ensure optimal recovery and better nutritional outcome.

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