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28.11.2018 | Research Article

Diets along with interval training regimes improves inflammatory & anti-inflammatory condition in obesity with type 2 diabetes subjects

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders
Autoren:
Mahmoud Asle Mohammadi Zadeh, Mehdi Kargarfard, Syed Mohamad Marandi, Abdolhamid Habibi
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Abstract

Background

Different physical activities and diets change the regulation of inflammations in both type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients and obese individuals, but the effect of both (Physical activity and diet) on pro/anti-inflammations has remained unknown. We investigated pro/anti-inflammations control, cardiovascular function, and total physiological parameters before and after 24 weeks of low volume high intensity interval training (HIIT) on a cycle ergometer along with four dietary regimes in obesity with T2D patients.

Methods

33 non-active obesity T2D patients (BMI ≥ 30) midges (47 yrs. ± 5) were volunteered to participate and randomly divided into three experimental(n = 11) [(1) LCD = low Carbohydrate Diet, (2) LFD = Low Fat Diet and (3) HFD = High Fat Diet)] and one control (n = 9) [ND = normal diet] groups. The whole groups performed underwent 8-week dietary regimes and then performed 3 days/weeks (3 set 10 × 60 s) HIIT on a cycle ergometer for 12 weeks, which followed by a 4-week diet period again. Also, prior to and after 8 weeks diet-12 weeks High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) and 4 weeks diet 2-h oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), resting blood pressure, incremental maximal oxygen uptake (VO2peak) cycle ergometer test and blood sample was collected from the subjects in order to measure pro/anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, TNF-α, leptin, resistin, adiponectin, and FGF21).

Results

After 24 weeks of intervention, the results indicated that the highest improvement in the percentage of changes in glucose happened in LCD (−34.76), insulin in ND (+16.43), cholesterol in LCD (−33.35), LDL in LFD (−9.14), HDL in LCD (+41.81), TG in LCD (−40.71), weight in LCD (−12.49) and HOMA-IR in HFD (−6.82). The results also indicated that after 24 weeks of HIIT and diet interventions, highest benefit percentage change IL-6, resistin and leptin occurred in LCD (−32.10, −28.29 and − 53.92, respectively), TNF-α, FGF21 and adiponectin in LFD (−48.06, +55.30 and + 42.32, respectively). However, these changes were observed in other groups.

Conclusions

These results demonstrated that HIIT along with low carbohydrate regimes improves overall cardiovascular parameters and reduce pro-inflammatory markers and increase anti-inflammatory markers in type 2 diabetic patients. Additionally, as with HIIT along with low carbohydrate, HIIT coupled with low fat would improve inflammation markers, though these effects were less significant. These findings suggest that HIIT along with low carbohydrate is a beneficial exercise and dietary strategy in T2D patients.

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