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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Women's Health 1/2015

Difference in blood pressure between early and late menopausal transition was significant in healthy Korean women

Zeitschrift:
BMC Women's Health > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
Mi Kyoung Son, Nam-Kyoo Lim, Joong-Yeon Lim, Juhee Cho, Yoosoo Chang, Seungho Ryu, Myeong-Chan Cho, Hyun-Young Park
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​s12905-015-0219-9) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

MKS participated in the design of the study, performed the statistical analysis, interpreted the findings, and drafted the manuscript. NKL and JYL contributed to the study design and discussion. JHC, YSC and SHR collected the data and contributed to the study design and discussion. MCC contributed to the discussion. HYP participated in the design of the study, was involved in revising the manuscript for important intellectual content, and provided final approval of the version to be published. All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

Abstract

Background

Although the prevalence of hypertension is higher in postmenopausal women than in premenopausal women, little is known about changes in blood pressure (BP) during the menopausal transition. We evaluated BP according to the menopausal transition and associated factors in healthy Korean women.

Methods

This cross-sectional study involved 2037 women aged 44 to 56 years who presented at a health-screening center in Seoul, Korea, from November 2012 to March 2013. The association between BP and menopausal transition and the risk factors related to elevated BP were determined using multiple linear regression analyses. Menopausal status was divided by four groups as premenopause, early menopausal transition, late menopausal transition and postmenopause.

Results

Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) differed significantly according to the menopausal status. BP showed the greatest difference between early and late menopausal transition. After adjusting for variables related to hypertension, SBP (β = 2.753, p < 0.01) and DBP (β = 1.746, p = 0.02) were significantly higher in late than early menopausal transition. The prevalence of hypertension was significantly different between early and late menopausal transition (1.4 vs. 6.1 %). Waist circumference, glucose, and triglycerides were positively and significantly associated with SBP and DBP during menopause.

Conclusions

BP and the prevalence of hypertension were significantly associated with period between early and late menopausal transition, suggesting that changes in BP during the menopausal transition are significant. Therefore, frequent monitoring will be needed for early detection of hypertension during the menopausal transition.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1: Baseline characteristics of the study population excluding women taking antihypertensive drugs. (XLSX 11 kb)
12905_2015_219_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx
Additional file 2: Subject characteristics according to hypertensive status. (XLSX 11 kb)
12905_2015_219_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx
Literatur
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