Skip to main content

10.08.2020 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2021

Heart and Vessels 2/2021

Differences in clinical outcomes between pre- and post-marketing clinical study following paclitaxel-coated balloon catheter treatment for coronary in-stent restenosis: from the Japanese regulatory viewpoint

Heart and Vessels > Ausgabe 2/2021
Yoshiaki Mitsutake, Akihide Konishi, Takeshi Shiba, Takuya Ito, Mami Ho, Haruki Shirato
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.


In 2013, a drug-coated balloon catheter (DCB) (SeQuent Please) for the treatment of coronary in-stent restenosis (ISR) was approved in Japan. The pre-marketing Japan domestic NP001 study demonstrated better outcomes of the DCB (n = 138) compared to plain balloon angioplasty (n = 72). After the introduction to marketing, a post-marketing surveillance (PMS) (n = 396) was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the DCB in Japanese routine clinical practice. The aim of this paper was to assess differences between the pre-marketing NP001 study and the PMS. Compared to the NP001 study, more complex lesions were treated in the PMS (type B2/C: 69.0% vs 20.4%, total occlusion: 11.2% vs 0%, p < 0.001, respectively) and target lesion was more frequently ISR related to drug-eluting stent (DES) (79.5% vs 39.4%, p < 0.001). Regarding clinical outcomes, the rate of target lesion revascularization (TLR) was higher in the PMS than in the NP001 study (TLR: 12.9% at 7 months and 17.6% at 12 months vs 2.8% at 6 months, p = 0.001, p < 0.001, respectively). Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that DES-ISR was a risk factor of TLR after DCB treatment for ISR (odds ratio: 5.77, 95% CI 1.75–18.95, p = 0.004). Among representative published trials using DCB for ISR, clinical outcomes are often worse in DES-ISR trials than those in bare metal stent-ISR trials. The rates of TLR in previous DES-ISR trials are similar to that in the current PMS (TLR at 12 months: 22.1% for ISAR-DESIRE 3, 15.3% for PEPCAD-DES, and 13.0% for RIBS IV). The effectiveness and safety of DCB for coronary ISR have been confirmed in the Japanese real-world survey. PMS would be useful to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of medical products throughout their total life cycles.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf

Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 2/2021

Heart and Vessels 2/2021 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Kardiologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Kardiologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.