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05.08.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2020

Digestive Diseases and Sciences 4/2020

Differential Metabolomic Signatures in Patients with Weight Regain and Sustained Weight Loss After Gastric Bypass Surgery: A Pilot Study

Zeitschrift:
Digestive Diseases and Sciences > Ausgabe 4/2020
Autoren:
Wasif Abidi, Eirini Nestoridi, Henry Feldman, Margaret Stefater, Clary Clish, Christopher C. Thompson, Nicholas Stylopoulos
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10620-019-05714-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

Background

While Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is one of the most effective and durable treatment options for obesity and its comorbidities, it is complicated by long-term weight regain in over 20% of patients.

Aims

We sought to determine the metabolite signatures of serum samples of patients with weight regain (RYGB-WR) after RYGB and features distinguishing these patients from patients with sustained weight loss (RYGB-SWL).

Methods

We prospectively analyzed serum samples from 21 RYGB-WR patients, 14 RYGB-SWL patients, and 11 unoperated controls. The main outcome measure was their serum metabolite profile.

Results

Weight regain after RYGB was associated with a unique serum metabolomic fingerprint. Most of the statistically different metabolites were involved in amino acid metabolism, one-carbon metabolism, and related nucleotide metabolism. A principal component analysis identified groups of metabolites that correlate with weight regain. Specifically, weight regain was associated with lower serum levels of metabolites related to the serine, glycine and threonine pathway, phenylalanine metabolism, tricyclic acid cycle, alanine and glutamate metabolism, and higher levels of other amino acids.

Conclusions

Weight regain after RYGB is associated with unique serum metabolite signatures. Metabolite profiling may eventually help us to identify markers that could differentiate the patients who will regain weight versus those who will likely sustain weight loss.

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