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30.04.2018 | Original Article

Direct restoration of endodontically treated maxillary central incisors: post or no post at all?

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Oral Investigations
Autoren:
Manja von Stein-Lausnitz, M. Bruhnke, M. Rosentritt, G. Sterzenbach, K. Bitter, R. Frankenberger, M. Naumann

Abstract

Objectives

The aim of this ex-vivo study was to evaluate the impact of cavity size and glass-fiber post (GFP) placement on the load capability of endodontically treated maxillary incisors directly restored with resin composite.

Materials and methods

Ninety-six extracted human maxillary central incisors were endodontically treated and distributed to four groups (n = 24): access cavity (A), access cavity and uni-proximal class III cavity (U), access cavity and bi-proximal class III cavity (B), and decoronated tooth (D). Specimens were restored with resin composite, and 12 specimen of each group received an adhesively placed glass-fiber post (P). Prior to linear loading, specimens were exposed to thermo-mechanical loading (TCML). Statistical analysis was performed using log-rank test after TCML, Kruskall-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U test to compare load capabilities (Fmax).

Results

Significantly more failures occurred in group D for specimens without GFP during TCML (p = 0.001). Fmax (mean (SD) in N was (A) 513 (124), (AP) 554 (201), (U) 438 (171), (UP) 537 (232) (B) 483 (219), (BP) 536 (281), D 143 (181), and DP 500 (331), and differed significantly among groups (p = 0.003). Pair-wise comparison revealed lower Fmax values for group D compared to all other groups (p < 0.034) except group DP.

Conclusions

Endodontically treated maxillary central incisors with cavity sizes up to bi-proximal class III may be successfully directly restored with resin composite. Post placement shows no additional effect except for decoronated endodontically treated incisors.

Clinical relevance

Endodontically treated incisors with access cavities to class III cavities can be successfully restored with resin composite. Post placement for decoronated ETT is recommended.

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