Skip to main content
main-content

15.03.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 5/2016

International Journal of Colorectal Disease 5/2016

Disease pattern in Danish patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome

Zeitschrift:
International Journal of Colorectal Disease > Ausgabe 5/2016
Autoren:
A. M. Jelsig, N. Qvist, L. Sunde, K. Brusgaard, Tvo Hansen, F. P. Wikman, C. B. Nielsen, I. K. Nielsen, A. M. Gerdes, A. Bojesen, L. B. Ousager

Abstract

Purpose

In this paper, we aimed to collect genetic and medical information on all Danish patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS), in order to contribute to the knowledge of phenotype and genotype. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is a hereditary syndrome characterized by multiple hamartomatous polyps in the GI tract, mucocutaneous pigmentations, and an increased risk of cancer in the GI tract and at extraintestinal sites. Over 90 % of patients harbour a pathogenic mutation in STK11.

Methods

Based on the Danish Pathology Data Bank, the Danish National Patient Register, as well as information from relevant departments at Danish hospitals, we identified patients and collected clinical and genetic information.

Results

We identified 43 patients of which 14 were deceased. The prevalence was estimated to be ∼1 in 195,000 individuals. The median age at first symptom was 27.5 with invagination of the small bowel as the most frequent presenting symptom. We noted 18 occurrences of cancer at various anatomical sites, including a case of thyroid cancer and penile cancer. Eight of the deceased patients had died of cancer. Eighteen different mutations in STK11 had been detected in 28 patients.

Conclusion

This is the first comprehensive study of patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome in the Danish population identified from nationwide registers and databases. We have demonstrated that the expressivity of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome varies greatly among the patients, even within the same families, underlining the great phenotypic spectrum. Patients with PJS should be offered surveillance from childhood in order to prevent morbidity and reduce mortality.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 5/2016

International Journal of Colorectal Disease 5/2016 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise