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17.08.2017 | Original Scientific Report | Ausgabe 3/2018

World Journal of Surgery 3/2018

Disparities in Breast Cancer: Private Patients Have Better Outcomes Than Public Patients

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2018
Autoren:
W. C. Coetzee, J. P. Apffelstaedt, T. Zeeman, M. Du Plessis

Abstract

Introduction

Different outcomes in breast cancer have been reported for low and high socio-economic groups. We present data quantifying disparities between South African public and private patients.

Methods

Records of 240 consecutive patients treated in 2008 in a public versus 97 patients in a private health facility were reviewed for demographic and oncologic data.

Results

The average of patients was 56.2 versus 51.9 years (p = 0.032). Stage at presentation was 0 in 0.83 versus 25.8%, I in 4.5 versus 15.5%, II in 41.3 versus 37.1%, III in 37.1 versus 18.6% and IV in 16.3 versus 3.1% public versus private patients. Seventy-three percent of patients were symptomatic versus 57.7%. Of patients with stage 0–III disease, 17.9 versus 20% had simple tumour excision and 7.5 versus 14%, oncoplastic tumour excision. The mastectomy rate was similar (52 vs. 60%), but immediate reconstruction was performed in 10 versus 63%. Public patients were less likely to have radiotherapy. The pathology was similar, 27.2 versus 20, 54 versus 52, 87 versus 61% of patients with stage I, II and III disease, respectively, had chemotherapy. Hormonal therapy for premenopausal patients in private was a LHRH agonist in 9.3%, ovarian ablation/BSO in 11.7% of public patients; biologicals were given in 7.2 versus 0% of patients. Overall survival for public versus private was 66 versus 80% (p < 0.001) months. Better per stage survival of private patients 100 versus 100, 72.7 versus 93.3, 84.8 versus 88.9, 57.3 versus 77.8 and 33 versus 33% for stages 0, I, II, III and IV, did not reach statistical significance.

Conclusion

The greatest impact on outcome was stage at presentation, but more aggressive therapy for each stage resulted in a trend to better outcome for private patients.

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