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01.12.2014 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2014 Open Access

Journal of Medical Case Reports 1/2014

Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis with chronic constipation: a case report

Journal of Medical Case Reports > Ausgabe 1/2014
Savas Bayrak, Esra Pasaoglu, Ekrem Cakar, Hasan Bektas, Sukru Colak, Mert Mahsuni Sevinc, Erdem Kinaci
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​1752-1947-8-114) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

SB, EC and EP were involved in the conception of the report, review of literature, manuscript preparation and submission. HB and SB performed the surgery. SC, MMS and EK were responsible for manuscript critique and review. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.



Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis is a rare disease. Almost all disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis cases described in the literature are associated with a gynecological disorder or a mass in the abdominal cavity. Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis with only chronic constipation has not been reported in the English literature. We present a case of a patient with disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis who manifested solely with chronic constipation.

Case presentation

A 49-year-old premenopausal nulliparous Caucasian woman was admitted with complaints of abdominal distention and chronic constipation. Open subtotal colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis was performed. There were diffuse nodular and polypoid tumor formations in her colonic mesoderm. Based on morphological and pathological evaluation of the resection material, she was diagnosed with disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis.


In general, disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis is seen in women who are of childbearing age with estrogen hypersecretion. Preoperative diagnosis of disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis is almost impossible and it can be confused with disseminated intra-abdominal malignancies. There are no specific methods to diagnose disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis in a preoperative period.

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