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01.08.2010 | Commentary | Ausgabe 4/2010

Critical Care 4/2010

Does low angiopoietin-1 predict adverse outcome in sepsis?

Zeitschrift:
Critical Care > Ausgabe 4/2010
Autoren:
Sascha David, Matijs van Meurs, Philipp Kümpers
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​cc9090) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Abstract

Endothelial injury has emerged as a crucial early event in the pathogenesis of microcirculatory dysfunction, capillary leakage and multiorgan dysfunction syndrome. The endothelial-specific angiopoietin (Ang)/Tie2 ligand-receptor system has been identified recently as a nonredundant regulator of endothelial responsiveness. Ang-1 is a Tie2 agonist and promotes endothelial stabilization and quiescence, whereas Ang-2 is a Tie2 antagonist and promotes endothelial activation, destabilization, and inflammation. While the mediator function of both Ang-1 and Ang-2 has been well established in preclinical research, only Ang-2 has been identified as a clinically useful biomarker in the critical care arena. In the previous issue of Critical Care, Mankhambo and colleagues report on angiogenic factors in Malawian children with severe bacterial infection. Among those children, diminished levels of the vessel-protective factor Ang-1 remained a significant predictor of outcome after multivariate adjustment. Whether low Ang-1 represents an important risk factor of adverse outcome in critically ill adults remains to be seen.

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