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12.09.2018

Does rating with a checklist improve the effect of E-learning for cognitive and practical skills in bariatric surgery? A rater-blinded, randomized-controlled trial

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy
Autoren:
Javier R. De La Garza, Mona W. Schmidt, Karl-Friedrich Kowalewski, Laura Benner, Philip C. Müller, Hannes G. Kenngott, Lars Fischer, Beat P. Müller-Stich, Felix Nickel

Abstract

Background

Mental training of laparoscopic procedures with E-learning has been shown to translate to the operating room. The present study aims to explore whether the use of checklists during E-learning improves transfer of skills to the simulated OR on a Virtual Reality (VR) trainer for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).

Methods

Laparoscopy naive medical students (n = 80) were randomized in two groups. After an E-learning introduction to RYGB, checklist group rated RYGB videos using the validated Bariatric Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (BOSATS) checklist while group without checklist only observed the videos. Participants then performed RYGB on a VR-trainer twice and were evaluated by a blinded expert rater using BOSATS. A multiple choice (MC) knowledge test on RYGB was performed. Suturing on a cadaveric porcine small bowel was evaluated using objective structured assessment of technical skill (OSATS).

Results

Checklist group was better in the knowledge test (A 8.3 ± 1.1 vs. B 7.1 ± 1.3; p ≤ 0.001) and there was a trend towards better VR RYGB performance (BOSATS) on the first try (85.9 ± 10.2 vs. 81.1 ± 11.5; p = 0.058), but not on the second try (92.0 ± 9.7 vs. 89.3 ± 10.5; p = 0.251). Suturing as measured by OSATS was not different (29.5 ± 3.0 vs. 29.0 ± 3.5; p = 0.472).

Conclusion

This study presents evidence that the use of a BOSATS checklist during E-learning helps trainees to improve their knowledge acquisition with E-learning. The transfer from mental training to the simulated OR environment seems to be partially enhanced by use of the BOSATS checklist. However, more research is required to investigate potential benefits.

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