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29.05.2019 | Epidemiology | Ausgabe 1/2019

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 1/2019

Drug monitoring of tamoxifen metabolites predicts vaginal dryness and verifies a low discontinuation rate from the Norwegian Prescription Database

Zeitschrift:
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Thomas Helland, Kari Britt Hagen, Martha Eimstad Haugstøyl, Jan Terje Kvaløy, Siri Lunde, Kirsten Lode, Ragna Anne Lind, Birgitta Haga Gripsrud, Kristin Jonsdottir, Jennifer Gjerde, Ersilia Bifulco, Steinar Hustad, Janne Jonassen, Turid Aas, Tone Hoel Lende, Ernst Asbjørn Lien, Emiel Adrianus Maria Janssen, Håvard Søiland, Gunnar Mellgren
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10549-019-05294-w) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Håvard Søiland and Gunnar Mellgren shared last author.

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Abstract

Purpose

Tamoxifen is an important targeted endocrine therapy in breast cancer. However, side effects and early discontinuation of tamoxifen remains a barrier for obtaining the improved outcome benefits of long-term tamoxifen treatment. Biomarkers predictive of tamoxifen side effects remain unidentified. The objective of this prospective population-based study was to investigate the value of tamoxifen metabolite concentrations as biomarkers for side effects. A second objective was to assess the validity of discontinuation rates obtained through pharmacy records with the use of tamoxifen drug monitoring.

Methods

Longitudinal serum samples, patient-reported outcome measures and pharmacy records from 220 breast cancer patients were obtained over a 6-year period. Serum concentrations of tamoxifen metabolites were measured by LC–MS/MS. Associations between metabolite concentrations and side effects were analyzed by logistic regression and cross table analyses. To determine the validity of pharmacy records we compared longitudinal tamoxifen concentrations to discontinuation rates obtained through the Norwegian Prescription database (NorPD). Multivariable Cox regression models were performed to identify predictors of discontinuation.

Results

At the 2nd year of follow-up, a significant association between vaginal dryness and high concentrations of tamoxifen, Z-4′-OHtam and tam-NoX was identified. NorPD showed a tamoxifen-discontinuation rate of 17.9% at 5 years and drug monitoring demonstrated similar rates. Nausea, vaginal dryness and chemotherapy-naive status were significant risk factors for tamoxifen discontinuation.

Conclusions

This real-world data study suggests that measurements of tamoxifen metabolite concentrations may be predictive of vaginal dryness in breast cancer patients and verifies NorPD as a reliable source of adherence data.

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