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12.09.2019 | Cardiac | Ausgabe 2/2020

European Radiology 2/2020

Early detection of left atrial dysfunction assessed by CMR feature tracking in hypertensive patients

Zeitschrift:
European Radiology > Ausgabe 2/2020
Autoren:
Lu Li, Xiuyu Chen, Gang Yin, Weipeng Yan, Chen Cui, Huaibin Cheng, Minjie Lu, Shihua Zhao
Wichtige Hinweise
Lu Li and Xiuyu Chen contributed equally to this work.

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Abstract

Objectives

To evaluate whether early left atrial (LA) dysfunction in hypertension (HTN), with or without left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), can be detected by cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT).

Methods

Seventy-three HTN patients and 29 healthy controls were retrospectively recruited. HTN patients were divided into the LVH (n = 29) and non-LVH group (n = 44). LA performance was analysed using CMR-FT in 2- and 4-chamber cine images, including LA reservoir function (total ejection fraction [EF], total strain [εs], peak positive strain rate [SRs]), conduit function (passive EF, passive strain [εe], peak early negative strain rate [SRe]) and booster pump function (booster EF, active strain [εa], late peak negative strain rate [SRa]). One-way analysis of variance with post hoc LSD tests, Spearman analysis, receiver operating characteristic curve and intra-class correlation coefficient analysis were applied for statistical analyses.

Results

Compared with healthy controls, LA reservoir (LA total EF, εs, SRs) and conduit function (LA passive EF, εe, SRe) were significantly impaired in HTN patients with or without LVH, and these parameters significantly correlated with mitral E/A < 1 (all p < 0.05). However, LA booster pump function was relatively preserved in non-LVH patients, representing an intermediate stage between the LVH group and controls. Among LA deformation parameters, εe showed the highest diagnostic value for differentiation of HTN patients with healthy controls (AUC, 0.82; sensitivity, 80.82%; specificity, 72.41%). Observer reproducibility was good–excellent (ICC, 0.83–0.97) for all CMR-FT derived parameters.

Conclusions

CMR-FT is a promising tool for quantification of LA function. LA reservoir and conduit dysfunction might be detected early by CMR-FT in HTN patients before the presence of LVH.

Key Points

• CMR-FT is a promising tool in quantifying LA function, including deformation and volumetric parameters.
• LA reservoir and conduit dysfunction might be detected early by CMR-FT in HTN patients with or without LVH.
• The LA booster pump function was relatively preserved in non-LVH patients.

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