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07.12.2017 | Original Research Article | Ausgabe 1/2018

Targeted Oncology 1/2018

Early Metabolic Change after Induction Chemotherapy Predicts Histologic Response and Prognosis in Patients with Esophageal Cancer: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Trial

Zeitschrift:
Targeted Oncology > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Kazuto Harada, Xuemei Wang, Yusuke Shimodaira, Tara Sagebiel, Manoop S. Bhutani, Jeffrey H. Lee, Brian Weston, Elena Elimova, Quan Lin, Fatemeh G. Amlashi, Dilsa Mizrak Kaya, Anthony Lopez, Mariela A. Blum Murphy, Jack A. Roth, Stephen G. Swisher, Heath D. Skinner, Wayne L. Hofstetter, Jane E. Rogers, Irene Thomas, Dipen M. Maru, Ritsuko Komaki, Garrett Walsh, Jaffer A. Ajani

Abstract

Background

Early metabolic response after preoperative induction chemotherapy (IC) appears to predict histologic response and prognosis in esophageal cancer (EC), but the usefulness of this approach needs further development.

Objective

We evaluated metabolic response after one cycle of IC using positron emission tomography (PET) to correlate PET response and outcomes.

Patients and Methods

We retrospectively analyzed PET data from a randomized phase 2 trial (NCT00525915) of chemoradiation and surgery with or without IC for the treatment of EC. PET was performed at baseline, after one cycle of IC, and 5–7 weeks after chemoradiation. The relationship between PET response (≥35% reduction in standardized uptake value [SUV]) after IC and treatment response was analyzed.

Results

In 63 patients who received IC, the mean initial SUVmax prior to treatment was 11.9 ± 8.04 and mean SUVmax after one cycle of IC was 6.47 ± 4.45. The mean SUV reduction after IC was 39.3%. Eleven of 37 PET responders achieved a pathologic complete response (pCR), but only two of 22 PET non-responders did (univariate logistic regression; odds ratio: 4.25, 95% confidence interval: 0.83–21.77; p = 0.08). PET responders to IC had significantly longer overall survival (OS) than PET nonresponders (log-rank p = 0.009). PET response after chemoradiation was not correlated with OS (log-rank p = 0.15).

Conclusion

Early PET response after IC is prognostic, but subsequent PET changes (for example, after chemoradiation) are not prognostic. Early PET response might have the potential of predicting pCR.

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