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08.11.2016 | Surgical Technique | Ausgabe 1/2017

HSS Journal ® 1/2017

Early Revision Surgery for Tibial Plateau Non-union and Mal-union

Zeitschrift:
HSS Journal ® > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
MD Dominic L. Van Nielen, MD Christopher S. Smith, MD David L. Helfet, MD, PhD Peter Kloen
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s11420-016-9529-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Level of Evidence: Level IV: Surgical Technique
Research performed at Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Abstract

Background

Although relatively rare, non-unions and mal-unions of tibial plateau fractures present significant challenges for the orthopedic surgeon. With careful pre-operative planning, tibial plateau mal-union or non-union revision surgery with intra-articular and varus opening osteotomies can provides good functional results when performed early (within 1 year) after primary surgical procedure.

Questions/Purposes

We present our treatment algorithm for approaching and treating non-union or mal-union of tibial plateau fractures. Our aim is to give surgeons treating these difficult injuries an overview of the pertinent literature as well as describe the challenges and pitfalls we have experienced when treating non-union or mal-union of tibial plateau fractures.

Methods

Using two case examples from our institution, one for mal-union and one for mal-reduction, we describe our treatment algorithm and surgical technique for managing these difficult injuries. We also provide a brief literature review outlining relevant studies and summarizing outcomes for similar injuries. A systematic literature review was conducted with the aim of determining the methods and outcomes commonly reported in the literature regarding revision surgery following tibial plateau non-union or mal-union. Due to the nature of revision surgery, there are no long-term randomized trials dealing with outcomes, but rather several smaller case series exist from which larger conclusions have to be drawn.

Results

To date, we have successfully treated approximately 35 patients with this technique, and clinical follow-up continues to show good functional outcomes with reduced pain and little radiographic evidence of arthritic changes. Restoring long leg alignment, anatomic reduction of the articular surface, and achieving stable internal fixation are paramount in achieving the best long-term outcome. Due to the shallow soft tissue envelope around the proximal tibia, and the tendency for these fractures to fall into progressive valgus collapse, these problems can seem intimidating and complex. However, with well-planned surgery and meticulous surgical technique, reliable healing can be achieved.

Conclusion

By outlining our method, we hope to provide other surgeons with an algorithm to guide clinical and operative decision making. These difficult injuries can be daunting to treat, but if performed before the onset of severe degenerative arthritis, early revision surgery, as we describe, can be a viable alternative to total knee arthroplasty, particularly in younger, more active patients.

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Zusatzmaterial
ESM 1 (PDF 1224 kb)
11420_2016_9529_MOESM1_ESM.pdf
ESM 2 (PDF 1224 kb)
11420_2016_9529_MOESM2_ESM.pdf
ESM 3 (PDF 1224 kb)
11420_2016_9529_MOESM3_ESM.pdf
ESM 4 (PDF 1224 kb)
11420_2016_9529_MOESM4_ESM.pdf
Literatur
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