27.01.2022 | Original Article
Early video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for non-emergent thoracic trauma remains underutilized in trauma accredited centers despite evidence of improved patient outcomes
Yahya Alwatari, Alexander Simmonds, Dawit Ayalew, Jad Khoraki, Luke Wolfe, Stefan W. Leichtle, Michel B. Aboutanos, Edgar B. Rodas
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten
Thoracic injury is a major contributor to morbidity in trauma patients. There is limited data regarding practice patterns of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) across trauma-accredited hospitals in the United States. We hypothesized that early VATS remains underutilized affecting patient outcomes.
We evaluated a cohort of patients who underwent non-urgent thoracic surgical intervention for trauma from the ACS-TQIP database in 2017 excluding patients who were discharged within 48-h or died within 72-h. We selected patients who underwent partial lung resection and decortication to assess the effect of early (day 2–5) versus late VATS. Univariate followed by multivariate regression analyses were utilized to evaluate the independent impact of timing.
Over 12 months, 997,970 patients were admitted to 850 trauma-accredited centers. Thoracic injury occurred in 23.5% of patients, 1% of whom had non-urgent thoracic procedures. A total of 406 patients underwent VATS for pulmonary decortication with/out partial resection, 39% were Early VATS (N = 159) compared to 61% late VATS (N = 247). Both groups had comparable demographics and comorbidities with exception of a higher ISS score in the late surgical group (17.9 ± 9.8 vs 14.9 ± 7.6, p < 0.01). The late VATS patients’ group had higher rates of superficial site infection, unplanned intubation, and pneumonia. Early VATS was associated with shorter ICU stay and HLOS. Multivariate analysis confirmed the independent effect of surgical timing on postoperative complications and LOS. The conversion rate from VATS to thoracotomy was 1.9% in early group compared to 6.5%, p = 0.03. There was no difference in surgical pattern among participating facilities.
Despite established practice guidelines supporting early VATS for thoracic trauma management, there is underutilization with less than half of patients undergoing early VATS. Early VATS is associated with improved patient outcomes.