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01.01.2020 | Images in Pediatric Cardiology | Ausgabe 1/2020

Pediatric Cardiology 1/2020

Echocardiographic Diagnosis of Anomalous Single Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery: Use of Bubble Contrast Echocardiography

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Cardiology > Ausgabe 1/2020
Autoren:
Nikhil Thatte, Manouk Kirakosian, Aditya Kaza, Kevin Friedman
Wichtige Hinweise

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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00246-019-02265-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

Anomalous origin of a coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (PA) is a rare congenital anomaly with the most common pattern being an anomalous left coronary artery (LCA) from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA). A very rare pattern is the anomalous origin of a single coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ASCAPA) wherein the single coronary ostium supplies both the right and left coronary systems with profound myocardial ischemia developing once PA pressures begin to fall after birth. Previous reports of this anomaly have all been based on post-mortem findings or pre-mortem angiographic diagnosis [13]. Notably, these children often present in extremis due to cardiogenic shock. Institution of veno-arterial extracorporeal life support can be catastrophic as it would lead to myocardial ischemia due to PA decompression. We present here the first echocardiographic-only diagnosis of ASCAPA in a 2-month-old child with the use of bubble contrast echocardiography to help confirm the diagnosis. The patient was resuscitated from a cardiac arrest on arrival with subsequent echocardiographic-only diagnosis. Surgical repair was undertaken with administration of cardioplegia into the pulmonary root with snaring of the branch PAs, and re-implantation of the single coronary to the aorta. At 3-month follow-up, he is thriving clinically with echocardiogram showing improving—though still somewhat depressed—left ventricular function.

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