Skip to main content
main-content

01.06.2014 | Systematic Review | Ausgabe 6/2014

Sports Medicine 6/2014

Effect of Aerobic Exercise Training on Arterial Stiffness in Obese Populations

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Zeitschrift:
Sports Medicine > Ausgabe 6/2014
Autoren:
David Montero, Christian K. Roberts, Agnès Vinet
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s40279-014-0165-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background and Objective

Controversy exists as to whether aerobic exercise training decreases arterial stiffness in obese subjects. The aim of this study was to systematically review and quantify the effect of aerobic exercise training on arterial stiffness in obese populations.

Methods

MEDLINE, Cochrane, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched up until May 2013 for trials assessing the effect of aerobic training interventions lasting 8 weeks or more on arterial stiffness in obese populations (body mass index ≥30 kg/m2). Standardized mean difference (SMD) in arterial stiffness parameters (augmentation index, β-stiffness, distensibility, pulse wave velocity, arterial waveforms) was calculated using a random-effects model. Subgroup and meta-regression analyses were used to study potential moderating factors.

Results

Eight trials, comprising a total of 235 subjects with an age range of 49–70 years, met the inclusion criteria. Arterial stiffness was not significantly reduced by aerobic training (SMD −0.17; 95 % confidence interval (CI) −0.39, 0.06, P = 0.14). Similarly, post-intervention arterial stiffness was similar between the aerobic-trained and control obese groups (SMD 0.02; 95 % CI −0.28, 0.32, P = 0.88). Neither heterogeneity nor publication bias were detected in these analyses. In subgroup analyses, arterial stiffness was significantly reduced in aerobic-trained subgroups having below median values in post- minus pre-intervention systolic blood pressure (SBP) (P < 0.01), exercise intensity rating score (P < 0.01), and methodological quality score (P < 0.01). Equivalent results were obtained in meta-regression analyses.

Conclusion

Based on current published trials, arterial stiffness is generally not reduced in middle-aged and older obese populations in response to aerobic training. However, in studies using low-intensity aerobic training and yielding a decrease in SBP, arterial stiffness may decrease. Long-term studies are needed to assess the prognostic value of these findings.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 31 kb)
40279_2014_165_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 6/2014

Sports Medicine 6/2014 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Orthopädie & Unfallchirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise