Skip to main content
main-content

06.04.2018 | ORIGINAL ARTICLE | Ausgabe 2/2018 Open Access

Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 2/2018

Effect of Antazoline on Electrophysiological Properties of Atrial Muscle and Conduction System of the Heart

Zeitschrift:
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Bartłomiej Jacek Bińkowski, Marcin Makowski, Paweł Kubiński, Andrzej Lubiński

Abstract

Purpose

Antazoline is a first-generation antihistaminic agent with additional anticholinergic properties and antiarrhythmic potential. Recent data shows its high effectiveness in sinus rhythm restoration among patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. The effect of antazoline on electrophysiological parameters of the heart in vivo has not yet been examined. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in electrophysiological parameters of the heart muscle and conduction system as a response to increasing doses of antazoline.

Methods

After successful ablation of supraventricular arrhythmias, the electrophysiological parameters: sinus rhythm cycle length (SRCL), AH, HV, QRS, QT, QTc intervals, Wenckebach point (WP), sinus node recovery period (SNRT), intra- (hRA-CSos) and interatrial conduction time (hRA-CSd), right and left atrium refractory period (RA-; LA-ERP), and atrioventricular node refractory period (AVN-ERP) were assessed initially and after 100, 200, and 300 mg of antazoline given intravenously.

Results

Fifteen patients (8 males, 19–72 years old) undergoing EPS and RF ablation were enrolled. After 100 mg bolus, a significant reduction in SRCL was noticed. After antazoline administration, significant prolongation of HV, QRS, QTc, hRA-CSos, hRA-CSd intervals, RA– and LA-ERP and reduction of SRCL were observed. After a total dose of 300 mg, QT interval prolonged significantly. Increasing the dose of antazoline had no impact on AH, Wenckebach point, AVN-ERP, and SNRT.

Conclusion

Antazoline has an effect on electrophysiological parameters of the atrial muscle and has rapid onset of action. No negative effect on sinus node function and atrioventricular conduction in a unique property among antiarrhythmic drugs.

Unsere Produktempfehlungen

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Kombi-Abonnement

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

e.Med Innere Medizin

Kombi-Abonnement

Mit e.Med Innere Medizin erhalten Sie Zugang zu CME-Fortbildungen des Fachgebietes Innere Medizin, den Premium-Inhalten der internistischen Fachzeitschriften, inklusive einer gedruckten internistischen Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl.

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 2/2018

Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 2/2018 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Kardiologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Kardiologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise