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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Endocrine Disorders 1/2018

Effect of duration of diabetes on bone mineral density: a population study on East Asian males

BMC Endocrine Disorders > Ausgabe 1/2018
Miso Jang, Hyunkyung Kim, Shorry Lea, Sohee Oh, Jong Seung Kim, Bumjo Oh



The aim of the present study is to evaluate the association between BMD and type 2 DM status in middle-aged and elderly men. To investigate a possible correlation, the present study used the BMD dataset of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2008 to 2011.


In total, 37,753 individuals participated in health examination surveys between 2008 and 2011. A total of 3383 males aged ≥50 years were eligible. They underwent BMD measurement through dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The fasting plasma glucose and insulin levels of participants were also measured.


Men with prediabetes and diabetes had significantly higher mean BMD at all measured sites than control men did, irrespective of DM status. This was confirmed by multivariable linear regression analyses. DM duration was an important factor affecting BMD. Patients with DM for > 5 years had lower mean BMD in the total hip and femoral neck than those with DM for ≤5 years. Per multivariable linear regression analyses, patients with DM for > 5 years had significantly lower mean BMD at the femoral neck than those with DM ≤5 years.


DM duration was significantly associated with reduced femoral neck BMD.
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