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18.08.2017 | Original Contributions | Ausgabe 3/2018

Obesity Surgery 3/2018

Effect of Health Literacy on Help-seeking Behavior in Morbidly Obese Patients Agreeing to Bariatric Surgery

Zeitschrift:
Obesity Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2018
Autoren:
Haci Murat Cayci, Umut Eren Erdogdu, Hakan Demirci, Aykut Ardic, Nevruz Yildirim Topak, İbrahim Taymur

Abstract

Background

We aimed to evaluate the effect of health literacy on agreement for bariatric surgery among morbidly obese patients.

Methods

The data of 242 morbidly obese patients (body mass index—BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2) were evaluated in a cross-sectional case-control pattern. The patients were classified into two groups as those who were attending the clinic for the purpose of receiving bariatric surgery (n = 138) and those who did not (n = 104). The Turkish version of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47), consisting of 47 questions, was used for the health literacy evaluation.

Results

It was seen that patients who accepted bariatric surgery were younger and had higher weight and BMI values (p < 0.001). HLS-EU-Q47 index results were 33.33 (15.63–50) in the group who agreed to bariatric surgery and 26.04 (8.33:46.88) in the group who did not agree to bariatric surgery, and a statistically significant difference was determined between the two groups (p < 0.001). From the HLS-EU-Q47 questionnaire, an insufficient level (0–25) was found for 2.9% of the group who agreed to bariatric surgery and 45.2% of the group who did not (p < 0.001). The problematic-limited level was similar in the two groups (> 25–33) (respectively, 36.2%, 37.5%, p = 0.840). A sufficient level (> 33–42) and a perfect level were higher in the group who agreed to bariatric surgery (respectively, 42.8%, 18.1%, p < 0.001).

Conclusion

There is a relationship between health literacy and acceptance of bariatric surgery in morbidly obese patients. The higher the health literacy level, the more the agreement to bariatric surgery increased.

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