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29.07.2017 | Original Article

Effect of Low-Dose Aspirin on Bleeding Following Exodontia: A Prospective Clinical Study

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Autoren:
Rohan Gupta, Arun Dugal, Vikrant Dilip Sane, Shashank Hiwarkar, Saurabh Khandelwal, Apoorva Iyengar

Abstract

Purpose

This research aims to study the effects of low-dose aspirin on bleeding after exodontia and to compare statistically and analyze perioperative blood loss during exodontia in patients on aspirin therapy and healthy patients and also to discuss the various measures if required necessary for controlling postoperative bleeding in simple and uncomplicated exodontia.

Materials and Methods

The study included 100 patients, ranging in age from 30 to 60 years. The patients were divided into two groups, a test group consisting of 50 patients who were on a daily dose of 75–150 mg of aspirin and a control group consisting of 50 patients not on any antiplatelet therapy. All extraction procedures were performed on outpatient basis. Patients were operated under local anesthesia. Post-extraction sockets were checked for bleeding immediately (30 min) and followed up at 24, 48, and 72 h, and 1 week, after the procedure.

Results

Amount of intraoperative blood loss was similar in both test and control groups, and there was no excessive postoperative bleeding in any case. Out of 100 patients, only three patients of test group and two patients of control group required level II hemostatic measures and two patients of test group needed level III measures.

Conclusion

We could reach a conclusion and recommend that patients on long-term low-dose aspirin (75–150 mg) need not to discontinue their aspirin dose prior to routine exodontia and can be carried out safely with enhanced local hemostatic measures, if required.

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