29.04.2022 | Original Article
Effect of plan complexity on the dosimetry, delivery accuracy, and interplay effect in lung VMAT SBRT with 6 MV FFF beam
Chao Ge, Huidong Wang, Kunzhi Chen, Wuji Sun, Huicheng Li, Yinghua Shi
Strahlentherapie und Onkologie
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The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of plan complexity on the dosimetry, delivery accuracy, and interplay effect in lung stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) using volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) with 6 MV flattening-filter-free (FFF) beam.
Twenty patients with early stage non-small cell lung cancer were included. For each patient, high-complexity (HC) and low-complexity (LC) three-partial-arc VMAT plans were optimized by adjusting the normal tissue objectives and the maximum monitoring units (MUs) for a Varian TrueBeam linear accelerator (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, CA, USA) using 6 MV FFF beam. The effect of plan complexity was comprehensively evaluated in three aspects: (1) The dosimetric parameters, including CI, D2cm, R50, and dose–volume parameters of organs at risk were compared. (2) The delivery accuracy was assessed by pretreatment quality assurance for two groups of plans. (3) The motion-induced dose deviation was evaluated based on point dose measurements near the tumor center by using a programmable phantom. The standard deviation (SD) and maximum dose difference of five measurements were used to quantify the interplay effect.
The dosimetry of HC and LC plans were similar except the CI (1.003 ± 0.032 and 1.026 ± 0.043, p = 0.030) and Dmax to the spinal cord (10.6 ± 3.2 and 9.9 ± 3.0, p = 0.012). The gamma passing rates were significantly higher in LC plans for all arcs (p < 0.001). The SDs of HC and LC plans ranged from 0.5–16.6% and 0.03–2.9%, respectively, under the conditions of one-field, two-field, and three-field delivery for each plan with 0.5, 1, 2, and 3 cm motion amplitudes. The maximum dose differences of HC and LC plans were 34.5% and 9.1%, respectively.
For lung VMAT SBRT, LC plans have a higher delivery accuracy and a lower motion-induced dose deviation with similar dosimetry compared with HC plans.