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01.12.2017 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Malaria Journal 1/2017

Effect of seasonal malaria chemoprevention on the acquisition of antibodies to Plasmodium falciparum antigens in Ouelessebougou, Mali

Zeitschrift:
Malaria Journal > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Almahamoudou Mahamar, Djibrilla Issiaka, Amadou Barry, Oumar Attaher, Adama B. Dembele, Tiangoua Traore, Adama Sissoko, Sekouba Keita, Bacary Soumana Diarra, David L. Narum, Patrick E. Duffy, Alassane Dicko, Michal Fried
Wichtige Hinweise
Alassane Dicko and Michal Fried contributed equally to this work

Abstract

Background

Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) is a new strategy to reduce malaria burden in young children in Sahelian countries. It consists of the administration of full treatment courses of sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine plus amodiaquine to children at monthly intervals during the malaria season. However, it is not clear if there is a cumulative effect of SMC over time on acquisition of antibodies to malaria antigens.

Methods

A cross-sectional serosurvey was carried out 1 month after the last dose of SMC in 2016. Children aged 3–4 years were randomly selected from areas where SMC was given for 1, 2 or 3 years during the malaria season. Children in the areas where SMC had been implemented for 1 year but who failed to receive SMC were used as comparison group. Antibody extracted from dry blood spots was used to measure IgG levels to CSP, MSP-142 and AMA1.

Results

The prevalence of antibodies to AMA-1 were high and similar in children who received SMC for 1, 2 or 3 years and also when compared to those who never received SMC (96.3 vs 97.5%, adjusted OR = 0.99, 95% CI 0.33–2.97, p = 0.99). The prevalence of antibodies to MSP-142 and to CSP were similar in children that received SMC for 1, 2 or 3 years, but were lower in these children compared to those who did not receive SMC (87.1 vs 91.2%, adjusted OR = 0.55, 95% CI 0.29–1.01, p = 0.05 for MSP-142; 79.8 vs 89.2%, adjusted OR = 0.52, 95% CI 0.30–0.90, p = 0.019 for CSP).

Conclusions

SMC reduced seropositivity to MSP-142 and CSP, but the duration of SMC did not further reduce seropositivity. Exposure to SMC did not reduce the seropositivity to AMA1.
Literatur
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