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12.10.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2018

Clinical Oral Investigations 3/2018

Effectiveness of a new dental implant bioactive surface: histological and histomorphometric comparative study in minipigs

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Oral Investigations > Ausgabe 3/2018
Autoren:
Mariano Herrero-Climent, Manuel M. Romero Ruizª, Pedro Lázaro Calvo, José Vicente Ríos Santos, Roman A. Perez, Francisco Javier Gil Mur

Abstract

Objectives

The objective of this study was to assess, by histomorphometric analysis, the degree of bone apposition on two types of dental implant’s surfaces: a novel implant that combines Al2O3 abrasive particle blasting with thermochemical treatment (ContacTi), compared to a standard surface treatment obtained by sandblasting and acid etching (shot blasting).

Materials and methods

Twelve minipigs were used, placing the studied implants in the maxillae, and divided into three groups according to the time of sacrifice: 2, 4, and 8 weeks after implant placement. Histological and histomorphometric analyses were performed following standardized tissue polymerization, cutting, and staining and examined under optical and high-resolution electron microscope.

Results

For all measurements, the novel surface presented higher levels of osseointegration as compared to the shot blasting surface. Bone to implant contact (BIC) in the maxillae for ContacTi presented values of 49.02, 83.20, and 85.58% at 2, 4, and 8 weeks, respectively, significantly higher compared to the shot blasting surface values of 39.32, 46.53, and 46.20% for the same time points. Bone area density (BAD) presented values of 26.52, 61.21, and 59.50% for ContacTi surface implants and 22.95, 36.26, and 49.50% for the shot blasted surface implants. Signs of osteoconductivity were observed in the ContacTi surfaces at 2 weeks.

Conclusions

The ContacTi surface achieved a faster growth of hard tissues around the implants, when compared to the shot blasting surface, and for all evaluated histomorphometric parameters, the values were higher at all measured time points.

Clinical relevance

ContacTi could be a new surface improving the osseointegration in oral implantology.

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