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19.07.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 11/2019

The Indian Journal of Pediatrics 11/2019

Effectiveness of a Quality Improvement Program Using Difference-in-Difference Analysis for Home Based Newborn Care – Results of a Community Intervention Trial

Zeitschrift:
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics > Ausgabe 11/2019
Autoren:
Akhil Dhanesh Goel, Mudita Gosain, Ritvik Amarchand, Hanspria Sharma, Sanjay Rai, Suresh K. Kapoor, Anand Krishnan
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Objective

To present evaluation of a quality improvement program for Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs).

Methods

This community intervention trial was conducted in Ballabgarh, India during 2012–2014 with two Primary Health Center (PHC) areas being the intervention areas and two PHC areas being non-intervention areas receiving standard care. Interventions included two-day training in technical and communication skills of ASHAs followed by supportive supervision in the field. Intervention was evaluated by comparing pre and post training scores, feedback from postnatal mothers and a difference-in-difference (DID) analysis on baseline and endline knowledge-practice survey of recently delivered mothers with 95% confidence intervals.

Results

Only 11.1% ASHAs addressed specific barriers for adopting healthy behaviors. Sixty eight (91.8%) ASHAs attended the training after which knowledge improved by 33.3% (p < 0.001). ASHAs in intervention areas were rated by mothers (n = 69) to have better communication skills (81.2% vs. 59.7%, p = 0.005), make more postnatal visits (52.2% vs. 22.2%; p < 0.001), give advice on newborn care (64% vs. 50.5%; p < 0.001) as compared to standard care area ASHAs. Endline survey (n = 1360) showed a significant improvement in frequency of antenatal visits (0.26;0.19–0.33), knowledge about free transport (0.12;0.05–0.18), better cord-care practices (0.15;0.07–0.22), kangaroo mother care (0.19;0.13–0.25), delayed first bath (0.13;0.06–0.20), restrictive handling (0.11;0.06–0.15) and hand-washing (0.19;0.13–0.25).

Conclusions

Quality improvement program can help improve ASHA’s performance which in turn can address higher neonatal mortality in India.

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