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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Nephrology 1/2018

Effectiveness of informational decision aids and a live donor financial assistance program on pursuit of live kidney transplants in African American hemodialysis patients

Zeitschrift:
BMC Nephrology > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
L. Ebony Boulware, Patti L. Ephraim, Jessica Ameling, LaPricia Lewis-Boyer, Hamid Rabb, Raquel C. Greer, Deidra C. Crews, Bernard G. Jaar, Priscilla Auguste, Tanjala S. Purnell, Julio A. Lamprea-Monteleagre, Tope Olufade, Luis Gimenez, Courtney Cook, Tiffany Campbell, Ashley Woodall, Hema Ramamurthi, Cleomontina A. Davenport, Kingshuk Roy Choudhury, Matthew R. Weir, Donna S. Hanes, Nae-Yuh Wang, Helene Vilme, Neil R. Powe

Abstract

Background

African Americans have persistently poor access to living donor kidney transplants (LDKT). We conducted a small randomized trial to provide preliminary evidence of the effect of informational decision support and donor financial assistance interventions on African American hemodialysis patients’ pursuit of LDKT.

Methods

Study participants were randomly assigned to receive (1) Usual Care; (2) the Providing Resources to Enhance African American Patients’ Readiness to Make Decisions about Kidney Disease (PREPARED); or (3) PREPARED plus a living kidney donor financial assistance program. Our primary outcome was patients’ actions to pursue LDKT (discussions with family, friends, or doctor; initiation or completion of the recipient LDKT medical evaluation; or identification of a donor). We also measured participants’ attitudes, concerns, and perceptions of interventions’ usefulness.

Results

Of 329 screened, 92 patients were eligible and randomized to Usual Care (n = 31), PREPARED (n = 30), or PREPARED plus financial assistance (n = 31). Most participants reported interventions helped their decision making about renal replacement treatments (62%). However there were no statistically significant improvements in LDKT actions among groups over 6 months. Further, no participants utilized the living donor financial assistance benefit.

Conclusions

Findings suggest these interventions may need to be paired with personal support or navigation services to overcome key communication, logistical, and financial barriers to LDKT.

Trial registration

ClinicalTrials.gov [NCT01439516] [August 31, 2011].
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