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01.02.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 7/2019

Lasers in Medical Science 7/2019

Effects of 1064-nm Nd:YAG long-pulse laser on polidocanol microfoam injected for varicose vein treatment: a controlled observational study of 404 legs, after 5-year-long treatment

Lasers in Medical Science > Ausgabe 7/2019
Javier Moreno-Moraga, Mihail L. Pascu, Justo M. Alcolea, Adriana Smarandache, Josefina Royo, Fernández David, Mario A. Trelles
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Sclerotherapy continues to be the treatment of choice for varicose veins in the legs. However, isolated treatment using microfoam or lasers requires a high number of sessions to eliminate them. In 2013, we published results about the efficacy and safety 3 years after the combined treatment with microfoam injections and subsequent application of Nd:YAG laser. The aim of this paper is to clinically evaluate the treatment of varices in a control visit after 5 years, when polidocanol microfoam is used and is immediately irradiated in the tissue with 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser beam. The outcome persistence after 5 years was studied in the legs that had received combined treatment and had been studied 3 years after treatment. Patients were contacted by phone, interviewed, and examined with echo-Doppler. Out of the 259 patients who were contacted, 221 agreed to make the appointment, although in the end, only 202 came, which meant analysing 404 legs. At 5 years, the clearance rates were very high: patients were included in class CEAP C1 showing vessels of from 0.5 to 3 mm diameter. The patients showed a high level of satisfaction. Regarding adverse effects, only 4 cases of hypopigmentation described in the previous publication persisted. Although the action mechanisms between the microfoam and the Nd:YAG laser must still be elucidated, it is notable that combining microfoam with laser exposure obtained a complete, effective treatment of legs in only 2 sessions, with high clearance rates and high level of satisfaction among patients.

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