Jialing Shi and Guang Liang contributed equally to this work.
Periprosthetic bone loss following total hip arthroplasty (THA) was a well-known phenomenon. This systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of bisphosphonates (BPs) for decreasing periprosthetic bone resorption.
The MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched up to March 2018. Randomized controlled trials compared the effects between administrating BPs and placebo or no medication were eligible; the target participants were patients who underwent THA. Mean differences (MD) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated by using the random-effects models. Statistical analyses were performed by RevMan 5.3 software.
Fourteen trials involving 620 patients underwent THA were retrieved. BPs significantly prevented the loss of periprosthetic bone mineral density at 1 year (MD, 0.06 [95% CI, 0.03 to 0.08], p < 0.001), between 2 and 4 years (MD, 0.04 [95% CI, 0.01 to 0.07], p = 0.02), and more than 5 years after THA (MD, 0.08 [95% CI, 0.06 to 0.11], p < 0.001). Both serum bone alkaline phosphatase (MD, − 7.28 [95% CI, − 9.81 to − 4.75], p < 0.001) and urinary N-telopeptide of type I collagen (MD, − 24.37 [95% CI, − 36.37 to − 12.37], p < 0.001) in BP group were significantly lower. Subgroup analyses showed that the third-generation BPs were more effective in decreasing periprosthetic bone loss than the first and second generation within 1 year after THA (p = 0.001).
BPs were beneficial to decreasing periprosthetic bone loss. The third-generation BPs showed significantly efficacy for patients in short-term observation.
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- Effects of bisphosphonates in preventing periprosthetic bone loss following total hip arthroplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis
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