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12.05.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 7/2017 Open Access

European Journal of Applied Physiology 7/2017

Effects of breaking up prolonged sitting following low and high glycaemic index breakfast consumption on glucose and insulin concentrations

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Applied Physiology > Ausgabe 7/2017
Autoren:
Daniel P. Bailey, Benjamin D. Maylor, Charlie J. Orton, Julia K. Zakrzewski-Fruer
Wichtige Hinweise
Communicated by Guido Ferretti.

Abstract

Purpose

Breaking up prolonged sitting can attenuate the postprandial rise in glucose and insulin. Whether such effects are dependent of the glycaemic index (GI) of the consumed carbohydrate is unknown. This study examined the acute effects of breaking up prolonged sitting following a low GI and a high GI breakfast on postprandial glucose and insulin concentrations.

Procedures

Fourteen adult males aged 22.1 ± 1.2 years completed four, 4 h experimental conditions: high GI breakfast followed by uninterrupted sitting (HGI-SIT), low GI breakfast followed by uninterrupted sitting (LGI-SIT), high GI breakfast followed by 2 min activity breaks every 20 min (HGI-ACT), and low GI breakfast followed by 2 min activity breaks every 20 min (LGI-ACT). Positive incremental area under the curve (iAUC) for glucose and insulin (mean [95% CI]) for each 4 h experimental condition was calculated. Statistical analyses were completed using linear mixed models.

Results

The sitting × breakfast GI interaction was not significant for glucose positive iAUC (P = 0.119). Glucose positive iAUC (mmol/L 4 h−1) was significantly lower in the activity breaks conditions than the uninterrupted sitting conditions (2.07 [2.24, 2.89] vs. 2.56 [1.74, 2.40], respectively, P = 0.004) and significantly lower in the low GI conditions than the high GI conditions (2.13 [1.80, 2.45] vs. 2.51 [2.18, 2.84], respectively, P = 0.022). Insulin concentrations did not differ between conditions (P ≥ 0.203).

Conclusions

Breaking up prolonged sitting and lowering breakfast GI independently reduced postprandial glucose responses. This indicates that interrupting prolonged sitting and reducing dietary GI are beneficial approaches for reducing cardiometabolic disease risk.

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