Skip to main content
main-content

09.11.2019 | Original Article

Effects of cluster training sets on muscle power and force–velocity relationship in postmenopausal women

Zeitschrift:
Sport Sciences for Health
Autoren:
Marcelo A. S. Carneiro, Gersiel N. de Oliveira Júnior, Jairo F. R. de Sousa, Samarita B. Santagnello, Markus V. C. Souza, Fábio Lera Orsatti
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the higher load resistance training with a cluster training sets (CS) design maximizes muscle power and strength gains when compared to higher load resistance training with a traditional sets (TS) design in postmenopausal women (PW).

Methods

Each leg of 16 PW was randomly allocated into two groups: TS (n = 16 legs) and CS (n = 16 legs). Both groups performed three sets of four repetitions at 90% one repetition maximum (1RM), 3 s per muscle action, with a 1.5-min rest interval between sets, twice-weekly, for 8 weeks. Only CS group performed 30 s interrepetition rest periods.

Results

Both groups similarly increased (P < 0.05) thigh muscle mass, muscle strength (1RM), and maximal muscle power. However, whereas the CS increased (P < 0.05) peak power at 40% and theoretical maximal velocity (V0), the TS increase theoretical maximal force (F0). The TS reduced slope of the force–velocity relationship when compared to the CS.

Conclusions

Although both CS and TS design are similarly effective at improving muscle mass and strength and Pmax, TS and CS induce different changes in the force–velocity profile (Sfv) in PW. Thus, our findings suggest that TS may be a preferential RT design if the focus of training is a force–velocity profile more “force-oriented”, whereas CS may be a preferential RT design if the focus of training is a force–velocity profile more “velocity-oriented”.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Jetzt e.Med bestellen und 100 € sparen!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Sie können e.Med Orthopädie & Unfallchirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise