The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/1475-2840-11-64) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
A.S.K. participated in study design, data collection, data analysis and interpretation, and drafted the manuscript; R.M.B. participated in data collection, data interpretation, and edited the manuscript; J.M.G.C. participated in data interpretation and edited the manuscript; H.K. participated in data interpretation and edited the manuscript; A.J.B. participated study design, data collection, data interpretation, and edited the manuscript.
Glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist treatment may improve endothelial function via direct and indirect mechanisms. We compared the acute and chronic effects of the GLP-1 receptor agonist exenatide vs. metformin on endothelial function in patients with obesity and pre-diabetes.
We performed a randomized, open-label, clinical trial in 50 non-diabetic individuals (mean age 58.5 ± 10.0; 38 females) with abdominal obesity and either impaired fasting glucose, elevated HbA1c, or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) who were randomized to receive 3-months of exenatide or metformin. Microvascular endothelial function, assessed by digital reactive hyperemia (reactive hyperemic index: RHI), C-reactive protein (CRP), circulating oxidized LDL (oxLDL), and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) were measured at baseline and 3-months. Seven subjects with IGT participated in a sub-study comparing the effects of pre-administration of exenatide and metformin on postprandial endothelial function.
There were no differences for the change in RHI (Δ exenatide: 0.01 ± 0.68 vs. Δ metformin: -0.17 ± 0.72, P = 0.348), CRP, oxLDL, or VCAM-1 between exenatide and metformin treatment. Triglycerides were reduced more with exenatide compared to metformin (Δ exenatide: -25.5 ± 45.7 mg/dL vs. Δ metformin: -2.9 ± 22.8 mg/dL, P = 0.032). In the sub-study, there was no difference in postprandial RHI between exenatide and metformin.
Three months of exenatide therapy had similar effects on microvascular endothelial function, markers of inflammation, oxidative stress, and vascular activation, as metformin, in patients with obesity and pre-diabetes.
This study is registered on http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/:NCT00546728
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- Effects of Exenatide vs. Metformin on endothelial function in obese patients with pre-diabetes: a randomized trial
Aaron S Kelly
Richard M Bergenstal
J Michael Gonzalez-Campoy
Alan J Bank
- BioMed Central
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