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14.06.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2016

Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 4/2016

Effects of Medical Chitosan on Capsular Formation Following Silicone Implant Insertion in a Rabbit Model

Zeitschrift:
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery > Ausgabe 4/2016
Autoren:
Shasha Li, Liwen Ren, Haiqian Xu, Di Jia, Sai Luo, Lijun Hao, Dan Yang

Abstract

Background

Capsular contracture is a serious complication that occurs after breast implant surgery. This study was performed to confirm that medical chitosan (MC) affects capsule formation and elucidates a possible mechanism.

Materials and Methods

In this study, we used 18 female adult New Zealand White rabbits. In each rabbit, two silicone implants were placed under the pectoralis muscle layer on both sides (one side was included in the experimental group and the other side was included in the control group). MC was applied around the silicone implant of the experiment group, while the control group received no treatment. The capsular thickness was calculated by Masson’s trichrome stain. The expression of MMPs and TIMPs were determined by real-time PCR, Western blotting, and immunohistochemistry.

Results

Compared to the control group, the capsular thickness of the MC group was significantly reduced at 4, 8, and 12 weeks after the operation (4 week: 229.3 ± 72.2 vs 76.1 ± 12.6 µm, p < 0.05; 8 week: 326.0 ± 53.8 vs 155.4 ± 61.7 µm, p < 0.0.5; 12 week: 151.2 ± 52.5 vs 60.0 ± 22.0 µm, p < 0.05). Compared to the control group, the MC group had significantly lower expressions of TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 (p < 0.05). However, compared to the control group, there was no statistically significant difference in the expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the experiment group (p > 0.05).

Conclusion

MC reduced the risk of developing capsular contracture around silicone implants, possibly by blocking the signaling pathway of TIMPs.

No Level Assigned

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each submission to which Evidence-Based Medicine rankings are applicable. This excludes Review Articles, Book Reviews, and manuscripts that concern Basic Science, Animal Studies, Cadaver Studies, and Experimental Studies. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.​springer.​com/​00266

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