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19.01.2017 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 2/2017

Journal of Natural Medicines 2/2017

Effects of oleuropein on pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures in mice: involvement of opioidergic and nitrergic systems

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Natural Medicines > Ausgabe 2/2017
Autoren:
Nastaran Rahimi, Bahram Delfan, Nazgol Motamed-Gorji, Ahmad R. Dehpour

Abstract

Oleuropein, a well-known olive polyphenol, has been shown to mediate neuroprotection in Alzheimer’s disease and cerebral ischemia. We investigated the effects of oleuropein on pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures in male NMRI mice, with diazepam as the standard drug. We also examined the possible involvement of opioidergic/nitrergic pathways in the probable effects of oleuropein. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of different doses of oleuropein (10, 20 and 30 mg/kg) significantly increased the seizure threshold 60 min prior to induction of seizure, in a dose-dependent manner. Administration of naltrexone (10 mg/kg, i.p.), an opioid receptor antagonist, completely reversed the anticonvulsant effects of oleuropein (10 mg/kg). On the other hand, the anticonvulsant effect of oleuropein (10 mg/kg) was blocked by a non-effective dose of nonspecific inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), L-NAME (1 and 10 mg/kg, i.p) and a selective inhibitor of neuronal NOS, 7-nitroindazole (30 mg/kg, i.p.). However, the nitric oxide precursor, l-arginine (30 and 60 mg/kg, i.p.) potentiated the anticonvulsant activity of oleuropein (10 mg/kg). A selective inducible NOS inhibitor, aminoguanidine (100 mg/kg, i.p.) did not change the anticonvulsant activity of oleuropein. It seems that the opioidergic system and constitutive neuronal NOS may be involved in the anticonvulsant properties of oleuropein.

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