01.02.2012 | Experimental Study | Ausgabe 2/2012
Effects of perfusion and cyclic compression on in vitro tissue engineered meniscus implants
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
- M. Petri, K. Ufer, I. Toma, C. Becher, E. Liodakis, S. Brand, P. Haas, C. Liu, B. Richter, C. Haasper, G. von Lewinski, M. Jagodzinski
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of continuous perfusion and mechanical stimulation on bone marrow stromal cells seeded on a collagen meniscus implant.
Bone marrow aspirates from 6 donors were amplified in vitro. 106 human BMSC were distributed on a collagen meniscus implant. Scaffolds were cultured under static conditions (control) or placed into a bioreactor system where continuous perfusion (10 ml/min) or perfusion and mechanical stimulation (8 h of 10% cyclic compression at 0.5 Hz) were administered daily. After 24 h, 7 and 14 days, cell proliferation, synthesis of procollagen I and III peptide (PIP, PIIIP), histology, and the equilibrium modulus of the constructs were analyzed.
Proliferation demonstrated a significant increase over time in all groups (p < 0.001). PIP synthesis was found to increase from 0.1 ± 0.0 U/ml/g protein after 24 h to 2.0 ± 0.5 (perfusion), 3.8 ± 0.3 (mechanical stimulation), and 1.8 ± 0.2 U/ml/g protein (static control, lower than perfusion and mechanical stimulation, p < 0.05). These differences were also evident after 2 weeks (2.7 ± 0.3, 4.0 ± 0.6, and 1.8 ± 0.2 U/ml/g protein, p < 0.01); PIIIP synthesis was found to increase from 0.1 ± 0.0 U/ml/g protein after 24 h to 2.9 ± 0.7 (perfusion), 3.1 ± 0.9 (mechanical stimulation), and 1.6 ± 0.3 U/ml/g protein (controls) after 1 week and remained significantly elevated under the influence of perfusion and mechanical stimulation (p < 0.01) after 2 weeks. Mechanical stimulation increased the equilibrium modulus more than static culture and perfusion after 2 weeks (24.7 ± 7.6; 12.3 ± 3.7; 15.4 ± 2.6 kPa; p < 0.02).
Biomechanical stimulation and perfusion have impact on collagen scaffolds seeded with BMSCs. Cell proliferation can be enhanced using continuous perfusion and differentiation is fostered by mechanical stimulation.
Level of evidence
Non-applicable experimental study.