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01.12.2019 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2019 Open Access

World Journal of Surgical Oncology 1/2019

Efficacy and safety of preoperative 5-fluorouracil, cisplatin, and mitomycin C in combination with radiotherapy in patients with resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer: a long-term follow-up study

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Surgical Oncology > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Yutaka Endo, Minoru Kitago, Koichi Aiura, Masahiro Shinoda, Hiroshi Yagi, Yuta Abe, Go Oshima, Shutaro Hori, Yutaka Nakano, Osamu Itano, Junichi Fukada, Yohei Masugi, Yuko Kitagawa
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Abstract

Background

We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 5-fluorouracil-based neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) in patients with resectable/borderline resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).

Methods

This retrospective study investigated the clinicopathological features and > 5-year survival of patients with T3/T4 PDAC who underwent NACRT at our institute between 2003 and 2012.

Results

Seventeen resectable and eight borderline resectable patients were included. The protocol treatment completion and resection rates were 92.0% and 68.0%, respectively. Two patients failed to complete chemotherapy owing to cholangitis or anorexia. Common grade 3 toxicities included anorexia (12%), neutropenia (4%), thrombocytopenia (4%), anemia (4%), and leukopenia (12%). Pathologically negative margins were achieved in 94.1% of patients who underwent pancreatectomy. Pathological response according to Evans’ classification was grade IIA in 10 patients (58.8%), IIB in 5 patients (29.4%), and IV in 2 patients (11.8%). Postoperative pancreatic fistulas were observed in four patients (23.5%), delayed gastric emptying in one patient (5.9%), and other operative morbidities in four patients (23.5%). The 1-, 2-, 5-, and 10-year overall survival rates were 73.9%, 60.9%, 60.9%, and 39.1%, respectively (median follow-up period, 80.3 months).

Conclusions

NACRT is tolerable and beneficial for resectable/borderline resectable PDAC, even in the long-term.
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