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28.09.2016 | REVIEWS | Ausgabe 1/2017

Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology 1/2017

Efficacy and safety of the second-generation cryoballoons versus radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Jingbo Jiang, Jinyi Li, Guoqiang Zhong, Junjun Jiang

Abstract

Purpose

Currently, radiofrequency (RF) and cryoballoon are the most commonly used ablation technologies for atrial fibrillation (AF). We performed a meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of the second-generation cryoballoons (CB-2) compared with RF for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) ablation.

Methods

The PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases were searched and qualified studies were identified. The primary clinical outcome was the recurrence rate of atrial tachyarrhythmia (AT), and the secondary clinical outcomes were procedure time, fluoroscopy time, and the complications that followed.

Results

Nine observational studies (2336 patients) with a mean follow-up period ranging from 8.8 to 16.8 months were included. The CB-2 group was associated with a significantly lower recurrence rate of ATs (20.8 versus 29.8 %, p = 0.01). In subgroup analysis, compared with non-contact force sensing (NCF) catheter, using CB-2 showed significantly reduced incidence of ATs (22.0 versus 38.5 %, p < 0.00001). However, the difference became negligible in contrast with contact force sensing (CF) catheter. Moreover, the CB-2 group had a tendency to decrease procedure time (weighted mean difference −39.72 min, p = 0.0003), whereas fluoroscopy time was similar between the two groups. The total complication rate showed no statistical difference (8.8 versus 4.4 %, p = 0.08). Almost all the cases of phrenic nerve palsy occurred in the CB-2 group, whereas pericardial tamponade was seldom manifested in the CB-2 group.

Conclusions

CB-2 tended to be more effective in comparison to NCF catheter and at least non-inferior to CF catheter, with shorter procedure time and similar safety endpoint.

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