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30.04.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2017

Clinical Oral Investigations 3/2017

Efficacy of a sugar-free herbal lollipop for reducing salivary Streptococcus mutans levels: a randomized controlled trial

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Oral Investigations > Ausgabe 3/2017
Autoren:
Merve Erkmen Almaz, Işıl Şaroğlu Sönmez, Zeynep Ökte, Aylin Akbay Oba
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s00784-016-1827-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Objective

The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of an herbal lollipop containing licorice root extract on salivary Streptococcus mutans in caries-free and high-caries-risk children.

Materials and methods

The study was conducted in caries-free and high-caries-risk children, aged 5–11 years (n = 108). The groups were caries-free children (group A); high-caries-risk children whose dental treatment was completed before lollipop use (group B); and high-caries-risk children who did not comply with dental treatment (group C). The groups were divided into two subgroups: herbal (A-1, B-1, C-1) and placebo lollipops (A-2, B-2, C-2). Saliva samples were taken before dental treatment, before and after consuming lollipops, and at 3 months after consuming lollipops. The results were statistically analyzed with chi-squared test.

Results

Only in group C-1 (high-risk, using herbal lollipops) that significant reduction was observed in salivary S. mutans levels after lollipop use (p = 0.033), and only in the same group (C-1), there was significant difference between after lollipop use and third month levels (p = 0.006).

Conclusions

Herbal lollipops could be recommended to children with high-caries risk who do not comply with dental treatment in place of high-carbohydrate snacks.

Clinical relevance

The paper provides a perspective on using herbal products in high-risk children for reducing salivary S. mutans counts.

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Zusatzmaterial
ESM 1 (DOC 218 kb)
784_2016_1827_MOESM1_ESM.doc
Literatur
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