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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Pulmonary Medicine 1/2015

Efficiency of a phone coaching program on adherence to continuous positive airway pressure in sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome: a randomized trial

Zeitschrift:
BMC Pulmonary Medicine > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
Kamila Sedkaoui, Ludivine Leseux, Sandrine Pontier, Nicole Rossin, Paul Leophonte, Jean-Louis Fraysse, Alain Didier
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors have reported to BMC Pulmonary Medicine the following conflicts of interest: Nicole ROSSIN is employed by Sadir assistance, the home care provider. Ludivine LESEUX is employed by Sadir association. Mr. Jean-Louis FRAYSSE is the director of SADIR assistance. Drs. Kamila SEDKAOUI and Sandrine PONTIER, Prs. Paul LEOPHONTE and Alain DIDIER have reported that no potential conflicts of interest exist with any companies/organizations whose products or services may be discussed in this article.

Authors’ contributions

SK and PS have made substantial contributions to concept and design, include patients and acquire some data. LL has made substantial contributions to acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation of data, and has been involved in drafting the manuscript. RN has made substantial contributions to concept and design, and acquire some data. LP has been involved in revising it critically for important intellectual content. FJL has made substantial contributions to conception and design. DA has made substantial contributions to concept and design, has been involved in drafting the manuscript. All authors actively discussed the subject and provided final approval.

Abstract

Background

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) remains the reference treatment for moderate to severe forms of the Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome (SAHS). Compliance to the treatment appears to be a key factor to improving health status of these patients.

Methods

We conducted a multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled, parallel group trial of standard support completed or not within 3 months of coaching sessions for newly diagnosed SAHS patients starting CPAP therapy. This study has been recorded by AFSSAPS with the RCB number: 2009-A01127-50 and received favourably by the Human Studies Committee in France. The coaching session consisted of 5 sessions of telephone-based counselling by competent staff. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients using CPAP more than 3 h per night for 4 months; the secondary outcome was mean hours of CPAP usage in the 2 groups.

Results

Three hundred and seventy-nine patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were randomized. The percentage of patients using CPAP more than 3 h per night for 4 months was 65 % for the standard support group and 75 % for the coached group. This difference reached a statistical significance (χ2 = 3.97). The mean CPAP usage was increased in the coached group versus standard group. A difference of 26 min was observed (4 h34+/−2 h17 and 4 h08+/−2 h25 respectively, p = 0.04).

Conclusion

This study shows that SAHS patients who benefit from phone coaching are statistically more compliant to CPAP than a standard support group is. A simple phone coaching procedure based on knowledge of the disease and reinforcement messages about treatment benefits helps to improve CPAP adherence in SAHS patients.

Trial registration

Literatur
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