In our previous workforce study at Ford Otomotiv Sanayi (FO), the association between high headache frequency and presenteeism in the relatively small female workforce attracted our attention.
We compared this workforce with another female hospital-based workforce to explore similarities and dissimilarities.
The HALT-30 questionnaire had been employed as the survey instrument at FO. We administered the same to nurses and female residents of Kocaeli University Medical Faculty Hospital (KUMFH). We categorised headache frequency into four groups: low (≤1/month), moderate (2-4/month), high (5-14/month) and headache on ≥15 days/month.
At FO (n=431; mean age 29.2±4.5 years), 1-month headache prevalence was 62.6%, and at KUMFH (n=466; mean age 29.9±4.9 years) it was 76.8% (p<0.05). Distributions between the frequency groups were similar: 16.6%, 46.3%, 31.5%, 5.5% (low to high) at FO and 16.4%, 52.7%, 25.1%, 6.8% at KUMFH (although p<0.05). Of those with headache, 135 (50%) at FO and 145 (42.9%) at KUMFH reported lost productivity, mostly from presenteeism. The key finding was a clear gradient associating headache frequency and presenteeism at individual level in both workforces (FO: 1.0, 2.0, 3.9, 10.3; KUMFH: 1.0, 1.9; 3.5, 6.0 days/month), but not absenteeism (FO: 0.2, 0.02, 0.05, 0; KUMFH: 0, 0.02; 0, 0.07 days/month).
Headache frequency and lost productivity expressed as presenteeism are high among working women. The association between them is expected. Turkish employment situation might be a factor in determining absenteeism rates. People with infrequent attacks, facing one unexpectedly, might be unprepared for avoiding absenteeism.
No conflict of interest.
Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
- EHMTI-0247. Headache-attributed lost productivity, and the influence of headache frequency, in two different female workforces in Turkey
- Springer Milan
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