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01.06.2014 | Ausgabe 6/2014

Surgical Endoscopy 6/2014

Elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic uncomplicated gallstone disease: do the symptoms disappear?

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 6/2014
Autoren:
Sven Lill, Arto Rantala, Jukka Karvonen, Tuukka Pölönen, Juha M. Grönroos

Abstract

Background

Symptomatic gallstone disease is considered an indication for cholecystectomy. A considerable proportion of patients may experience persistent symptoms after surgery. The purpose of the present study was to find out the rate of symptom persistence after elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) performed for symptomatic uncomplicated gallstone disease and, in particular, to clarify whether the recurrence rate differs according to the severity of preoperative symptoms.

Methods

During a 10-year period (1992–2001), 1,101 patients underwent elective LC at Turku City Hospital for Surgery. A questionnaire concerning the intensity of preoperative symptoms, persistence of symptoms postoperatively, and overall satisfaction with the outcome of the procedure was sent to patients. A total of 677 patients [mean age (range) 59 (21–94) years; 554 (83.1 %) females] with uncomplicated gallstone disease returned the completed form.

Results

Overall, 380 (57 %) patients reported attacks of intense upper abdominal pain, and 287 (43 %) reported episodic mild abdominal symptoms as the prevailing preoperative symptom. Two hundred and forty-eight (37 %) patients continued to have abdominal symptoms after the operation. Among those with predominantly mild abdominal symptoms preoperatively, 119 (41 %) reported the persistence of symptoms after the operation, while in the group with mainly severe upper abdominal pain attacks, 129 (33 %) patients had recurrences (p = 0.052).

Conclusions

According to our data, more than one-third of patients with symptomatic uncomplicated gallstone disease experienced persistent symptoms after elective LC. Patients with mild preoperative symptoms seemed to have more recurrences than those with severe symptoms, although the difference was not statistically significant.

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