Skip to main content
main-content

19.03.2020

Electropharmacological Characterization of Aciclovir in the Halothane-Anesthetized Dogs: A Proposal of Evaluation Method for Cardiovascular Safety Pharmacology of Anti-virus Drugs

Zeitschrift:
Cardiovascular Toxicology
Autoren:
Yoshiki Kondo, Mihoko Hagiwara-Nagasawa, Ryuichi Kambayashi, Ai Goto, Koki Chiba, Yoshio Nunoi, Hiroko Izumi-Nakaseko, Akio Matsumoto, Atsushi Sugiyama
Wichtige Hinweise
Handling Editor: Y. James Kang.

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Given limited information regarding the pathophysiology underlying aciclovir-associated, clinically observed cardiovascular adverse events including chest pain, tachycardia, bradycardia, palpitation, arrhythmia, hypertension and hypotension, we investigated its electropharmacological effects using the halothane-anesthetized beagle dogs. Aciclovir in doses of 2 and 20 mg/kg was sequentially infused over 10 min with an interval of 20 min (n = 4), which would achieve sub-therapeutic to supra-therapeutic levels of plasma concentrations. Aciclovir decreased the total peripheral vascular resistance along with the blood pressure in a dose-related manner, which increased the heart rate, ventricular contraction and atrioventricular nodal conduction speed probably via a reflex-mediated increase of sympathetic tone. No significant change was detected in the intra-atrial or intra-ventricular conduction, indicating that aciclovir may not inhibit atrial or ventricular INa. Aciclovir prolonged the repolarization period in a dose-related as well as in a reverse frequency-dependent manners, indicating that aciclovir may inhibit IKr, which was supported by the Tpeak − Tend prolongation. Aciclovir transiently prolonged the J − Tpeakc possibly through a reflex-mediated increase of sympathetic tone, indicating an increase of net inward current in the early repolarization phase. Thus, aciclovir may directly inhibit IKr, and also have the potential to indirectly induce Ca2+ overload leading to early afterdepolarization. These in vivo electropharmacological profile of aciclovir would partly explain the onset mechanism of clinical adverse events.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Sichern Sie sich jetzt Ihr e.Med-Abo und sparen Sie 50 %!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Sie können e.Med Innere Medizin 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.