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30.06.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 6/2017

Lasers in Medical Science 6/2017

Endoluminal Nd:YAG laser application in ex vivo biliary porcine tissue

Lasers in Medical Science > Ausgabe 6/2017
Roberta Rea, Francesco Maria Di Matteo, Margareth Martino, Monica Pandolfi, Paola Saccomandi, Carla Rabitti, Anna Crescenzi, Guido Costamagna


Adequate biliary drainage with endoscopic or percutaneous placement of self-expandable metal stents represents the goal of palliation in patients with inoperable malignant obstruction of the biliary tree. As an adjunct to stenting, various tissue ablation treatments have been proposed with conflicting results. The aim of this study was to test the effect on biliary tissue of a new ablation technique based on Nd:YAG laser light delivery. The study was conducted on ex vivo specimens of 18 healthy farm pigs, using cystic ducts that are the simplest biliary structures to isolate and cannulate ex vivo. A 22G cannula was positioned into the cystic duct and a quartz optical fibre, with a prototypal cooling system, was inserted into the cannula. Nd:YAG laser output powers of 10, 12, and 15 W were tested, with a total delivered energy of 1000 J in continuous mode in each case. After laser treatment, histological analysis was performed. At macroscopical examination, no lesions of the external wall of the cystic ducts were detected. At histopathological examination, a coagulative necrosis involving the entire mucosa up to the muscolaris propria without significant changes of periductal tissues was observed in all specimens. This study shows the possibility of using Nd:YAG laser on ex vivo porcine biliary ducts with the effect of obtaining a coagulative necrosis involving the whole mucosa.

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