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19.09.2019 | Case Report

Endoscopic-assisted aortic replacement of the descending aorta through the 8th intercostal space to preserve collateral vessels: a case report

Zeitschrift:
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Autoren:
Hidenori Sako, Hideyuki Tanaka, Tetsushi Takayama, Takafumi Abe, Yuriko Abe
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Abstract

We present the case of a 75-year-old man with repeated lower limb hematoma caused by consumptive coagulopathy from a type B chronic aortic dissection. His abdominal aorta was replaced with a Y-shaped graft 30 years prior to admission. As his previous aortic stent graft treatment failed, he underwent open surgical prosthetic graft replacement of the descending aorta under deep hypothermia. To reduce intra- and postoperative bleeding, we avoided cutting the ribs and intercostal arteries. The aneurysm was approached only through the 8th intercostal space; however, as the proximal descending aorta was inaccessible from this site, total endoscopic or endoscopic-assisted procedure was performed to approach the proximal descending aorta. All intercostal arterial orifices were securely closed by suture. The postoperative course was uneventful, and he was discharged home on postoperative day 11. The endoscopic surgery reduced impairment of collateral vessels during surgery and might have reduced the risk of paraplegia.

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