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01.12.2019 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2019 Open Access

BMC Endocrine Disorders 1/2019

Endothelial cell-specific molecule-1 as an invasiveness marker for pituitary null cell adenoma

Zeitschrift:
BMC Endocrine Disorders > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Shousen Wang, Zhifeng Wu, Liangfeng Wei, Jianhe Zhang
Wichtige Hinweise
Shousen Wang and Zhifeng Wu contributed equally to this work.

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Abstract

Background

Endothelial cell-specific molecule-1 (ESM-1) is a biomarker associated with tumor progression in pituitary adenoma. We specifically focused on one type of pituitary adenoma, namely null cell adenoma (NCA) and evaluated the relationship between invasion and ESM-1 expression in both vascular endothelial and adenoma tissues.

Methods

Tissue samples from 94 patients with pituitary NCA were obtained through microscopic transsphenoidal resection. Tumor size and invasion were determined through preoperative magnetic resonance imaging. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect ESM-1 expression. ESM-1 index of ≥3 was defined as high expression.

Results

Signs of invasion were observed in 46 (47.9%) of the 94 patients. Significant differences were observed in the invasion state and maximum tumor diameter between high and low expression of ESM-1 in vascular endothelial tissues (both P < 0.05). Significant positive associations were noted between ESM-1 expression in vascular endothelial tissues and tumor invasion (P = 0.002) and tumor size (P = 0.020). However, only tumor size was associated with ESM-1 expression in adenoma tissues (P = 0.016).

Conclusion

In NCA, a significant positive association between tumor invasion and ESM-1 expression was observed only in vascular endothelial tissues, suggesting that tumor progression occurs mainly through ESM-1-associated mechanism.
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