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04.03.2019 | Preclinical study | Ausgabe 2/2019

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 2/2019

ERα upregulates the expression of long non-coding RNA LINC00472 which suppresses the phosphorylation of NF-κB in breast cancer

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment > Ausgabe 2/2019
Zhanwei Wang, Dionyssios Katsaros, Nicoletta Biglia, Yi Shen, Lenora Loo, Xiao Yu, Hongyan Lin, Yuanyuan Fu, Wen-Ming Chu, Peiwen Fei, Yan Ni, Wei Jia, Xiaobei Deng, Biyun Qian, Herbert Yu
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10549-018-05108-5) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.



Low expression of long intergenic non-coding RNA LINC00472 in breast cancer is associated with aggressive tumors and unfavorable disease outcomes in multiple clinical datasets, but the reasons for these associations were unknown.


To study the mechanisms underlying the lncRNA’s connection to breast cancer, we investigated the molecular targets and regulation of LINC00472 in breast cancer cells, and analyzed relevant molecular features in relation to patient survival. Gene expression profiles of breast cancer cells overexpressing LINC00472 were analyzed for its regulatory pathways and downstream targets. Effects of LINC00472 overexpression on cell behaviors were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. Meta-analysis was performed using online datasets and our own study.


Analysis of LINC00472 transcriptome revealed ERα upregulation of LINC00472 expression, and an ERα-binding site in the LINC00472 promoter was identified. Evaluation of LINC00472 overexpression also indicated a possible link between LINC00472 and NF-κB. Cell experiments confirmed that LINC00472 suppressed the phosphorylation of p65 and IκBα through binding to IKKβ, inhibiting its phosphorylation. High LINC00472 expression inhibited tumor growth both in vitro and in vivo and suppressed aggressive tumor cell behaviors in vitro. Suppressing LINC00472 expression in ER-positive tumor cells increased cell aggressive behaviors. Tamoxifen treatment of ER-positive cells inhibited ERα and LINC00472 expression and increased p65 and IκBα phosphorylation. Meta-analysis showed that LINC00472 expression were higher in ER-positive than ER-negative tumors and that high expression was associated with better disease outcomes in ER-positive patients.


The study demonstrates that ERα upregulates LINC00472 which suppresses the phosphorylation of NF-κB, and suggests that endocrine treatment may lower LINC00472 and increase NF-κB activities, leading to tumor progression and disease recurrence.

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