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01.12.2017 | Review | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

AIDS Research and Therapy 1/2017

Eradication of HIV-1 latent reservoirs through therapeutic vaccination

AIDS Research and Therapy > Ausgabe 1/2017
Joshua Pankrac, Katja Klein, Jamie F. S. Mann


Despite the significant success of combination anti-retroviral therapy to reduce HIV viremia and save lives, HIV-1 infection remains a lifelong infection that must be appropriately managed. Advances in the understanding of the HIV infection process and insights from vaccine development in other biomedical fields such as cancer, imaging, and genetic engineering have fueled rapid advancements in HIV cure research. In the last few years, several studies have focused on the development of “Kick and Kill” therapies to reverse HIV latency and kick start viral translational activity. This has been done with the aim that concomitant anti-retroviral treatment and the elicited immune responses will prevent de novo infections while eradicating productively infected cells. In this review, we describe our perspective on HIV cure and the new approaches we are undertaking to eradicate the established pro-viral reservoir.
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