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01.01.2012 | Chinese section | Ausgabe 1/2012

European Spine Journal 1/2012

Esophagus perforation complicating anterior cervical spine surgery

Zeitschrift:
European Spine Journal > Ausgabe 1/2012
Autoren:
Xuhua Lu, Qunfeng Guo, Bin Ni
Wichtige Hinweise
X. Lu and Q. Guo contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Purpose

To study the diagnosis and treatment strategy of esophagus perforation complicating anterior cervical spine surgery.

Methods

From 2000 to 2010, we performed 1,045 cases of anterior cervical surgeries. One developed esophagus perforation. The diagnosis and treatment strategy of this case and the other five patients with esophagus perforation from other hospitals were retrospectively reviewed. For an intraoperative perforation, primary double layer suture was performed. Postoperatively, the patient took nutrition by a nasogastric tube instead of oral intake for one week. For three cases of perforations early in the post-operative period, oral intake was forbidden and nasogastric tube was conducted for nutrition support. The wound was debrided and open drainage was conducted postoperatively. Intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy was utilized. For perforations at postoperative year 3 and 7, prohibition of oral intake, intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotics therapy, and nasogastric tube nutrition support were all conducted and surgical debridement was performed. In operation, fixation plates and screws were removed, and the edges of the perforation were loosely approximated by synthetic absorbable sutures. Postoperatively, skin wound was kept open for drainage.

Results

All the perforations healed evenly without secondary complications.

Conclusions

When a perforation is suspected, imaging techniques should be employed. Surgical treatment facilitates the healing of esophagus perforation. Supportive treatments including prohibition of oral intake, intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy, feeding with a nasogastric tube were mandatory parts of treatments.

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