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07.08.2018 | Original Article

Evaluation of different respiratory gating schemes for cardiac SPECT

Journal of Nuclear Cardiology
BEng Duo Zhang, PhD P. Hendrik Pretorius, PhD Michael Ghaly, BEng Qi Zhang, PhD, DABR Michael A. King, PhD Greta S. P. Mok
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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12350-018-1392-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
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Michael A. King and Greta S. P. Mok contributed equally to this work.



Respiratory gating reduces motion blurring in cardiac SPECT. Here we aim to evaluate the performance of three respiratory gating strategies using a population of digital phantoms with known truth and clinical data.


We analytically simulated 60 projections for 10 XCAT phantoms with 99mTc-sestamibi distributions using three gating schemes: equal amplitude gating (AG), equal count gating (CG), and equal time gating (TG). Clinical list-mode data for 10 patients who underwent 99mTc-sestamibi scans were also processed using the 3 gating schemes. Reconstructed images in each gate were registered to a reference gate, averaged and reoriented to generate the polar plots. For simulations, image noise, relative difference (RD) of averaged count for each of the 17 segment, and relative defect size difference (RSD) were analyzed. For clinical data, image intensity profile and FWHM were measured across the left ventricle wall.


For simulations, AG and CG methods showed significantly lower RD and RSD compared to TG, while noise variation was more non-uniform through different gates for AG. In the clinical study, AG and CG had smaller FWHM than TG.


AG and CG methods show better performance for motion reduction and are recommended for clinical respiratory gating SPECT implementation.

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