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12.06.2018 | Musculoskeletal | Ausgabe 1/2019

European Radiology 1/2019

Evaluation of MR-derived CT-like images and simulated radiographs compared to conventional radiography in patients with benign and malignant bone tumors

Zeitschrift:
European Radiology > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Alexandra S. Gersing, Daniela Pfeiffer, Felix K. Kopp, Benedikt J. Schwaiger, Carolin Knebel, Bernhard Haller, Peter B. Noël, Marcus Settles, Ernst J. Rummeny, Klaus Woertler
Wichtige Hinweise
Alexandra S. Gersing and Daniela Pfeiffer contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Objectives

To evaluate the diagnostic value of MR-derived CT-like images and simulated radiographs compared with conventional radiographs in patients with benign and malignant bone tumors.

Methods

In 32 patients with a benign or malignant bone lesion (mean age 33.9 ± 18.5 years, 17 females), 3-T MR imaging was performed including a 3D T1-weighted gradient echo sequence as the basis for the CT-like images. From these, intensity-inverted MR image volumes were converted into 2D images via a forward projection to obtain simulated radiographs. Two radiologists assessed these images as well as conventional radiographs for the type of periosteal reaction, matrix mineralization and destruction pattern. Agreement between the modalities was calculated using Cohen’s κ.

Results

The agreement between conventional radiographs and MR-derived CT-like images in combination with simulated radiographs was substantial (periosteal reaction, κ = 0.67; destruction pattern, κ = 0.75), and the sensitivity of both modalities for the final diagnosis of the lesion (aggressive vs. nonaggressive) was high (MR-derived CT-like images, 86.2% vs. conventional radiographs, 90.0%). Additional information on soft tissue extension (MR-derived CT-like images, 21.9% vs. conventional radiographs, 12.5%; p = 0.009) and lobulation (9.4% vs. 0%; p < 0.001) was significantly more often found on MR-derived CT-like images compared with conventional radiographs.

Conclusions

The assessment of the destruction patterns, periosteal reaction and distinction between aggressive and nonaggressive tumors was feasible using MR-derived CT-like images and simulated radiographs and is comparable to that of conventional radiographs. Moreover, MR-derived CT-like images provided additional information on soft tissue extension and tumor architecture.

Key Points

• CT-like images and simulated radiographs can be generated from 3D MRI.
• Evaluation of bone tumors is feasible with MR-derived images.
• CT-like images and simulated radiographs provide additional information on bone tumors

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